On June 29, 2004, en route to Khartoum, Secretary of State Colin Powell said, "We see indicators and elements that would start to move you toward a genocide conclusion but we're not there yet." We're there now. Today, in testimony before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Secretary Powell said, "We concluded that genocide has been committed in Darfur and that the government of Sudan and the Janjaweed bear responsibility--and genocide may still be occurring."
What, exactly, is genocide? The United States Congress passed a resolution on July 22 acknowledging that genocide was occurring in the Sudan. U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan has not yet used the term to describe the situation in the Sudan.
In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
(a) Killing members of the group;
(b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
(c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
(d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
(e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.